The ship Underwriter
1860 actual view of Liverpool docks: Note: A rare early view of the famous Liverpool waterfront, full of sailing ships and taken in 1860 by local photographer G Berry of James Street.
Canada Docks, Liverpool, UK
Map showing the various Liverpool Docks:
Port of entry, New York manifest 1861 a year after Annie arrives:
The second voyage also originated at Liverpool on 30 March 1860. Elder James D.
Ross and his counselors, James Taylor and John Croft, presided over the 594 Mormon passengers. Seventy of the emigrants came from Switzerland and the remainder from Great Britain. During the crossing there were four deaths and four weddings. After a thirty-two-day passage the Underwriter arrived at New York on 1 May.
Passenger list for the Underwriter 1860: Including Anna H and her mother and aunt: Anna Sidler's future husband is above her on the ship's register:
A Compilation of General Voyage Notes
MS, 22:15 (April 14, 1860), p.234
"THE SHIP UNDERWRITER, after a prosperous voyage of thirty days, arrived at New York May 1st. During the voyage there were four marriages and four deaths. The names of the deceased are -- Frederick, the son of John and Eliza Williams, aged one year and eight months; Joseph, son of Edward and Mary Powers; Barbara Frei, aged 58 years, came form Switzerland. The health of the Saints was generally good. Elders Ross, Taylor, and Croft speak in the highest praise of Captain J. W. Roberts, both as a skillful navigator and a gentleman. The ship's company of Saints proceeded to Florence on the 3rd of May."
MS, 22:21 (May 26, 1860), p.331
"Fri. 30. [Mar. 1860] -- The ship Underwriter sailed from Liverpool, England, with 594 British and Swiss Saints, under the presidency of James D. Ross. It arrived at New York May 1st, and the emigrants continued to Florence [Nebraska], where George Q. Cannon was acting as church emigration agent this year, to arrange for the journey across the plains."
Ship: 1168 tons: 183' x 37' x 30'
Built: 1850 by Westervelt and Mackey at New York City, New York In three voyages the clipper ship Underwriter skippered by Captain John Pratt Roberts, carried a total of 1243 Latter-day Saints across the Atlantic. The first passage began at Liverpool on 21 January 1858 and ended seven weeks later at New York on 11 March. Among the twenty-five Mormons on board were Presiding Elder Henry Harriman, Brigham H. Young, John S. Smith, and James H. Browning.
The second voyage also originated at Liverpool on 30 March 1860. Elder James D. Ross and his counselors, James Taylor and John Croft, presided over the 594 Mormon passengers. Seventy of the emigrants came from Switzerland and the remainder from Great Britain. During the crossing there were four deaths and four weddings. After a thirty-two-day passage the Underwriter arrived at New York on 1 May.
On 23 April 1861 this ship sailed from Liverpool for the third time with a company of Mormon emigrants. Elder Milo Andrus presided over the 624 Saints. He was assisted by Homer Duncan and Charles W. Penrose. The emigrants were divided into nine wards, including a separate ward for unmarried men. Before departure Apostles Amasa M. Lyman, Charles C. Rich, and George Q. Cannon came aboard and gave the emigrating Saints their instructions and blessing. During the voyage two children died, and two marriages were performed. After a twenty-nine-day crossing -- a relatively fast passage -- the clipper ship arrived at New York on 21 May.
The Underwriter ran in the Red Star Line for sixteen years. Her Atlantic crossings averaged thirty-three days. She was built with a round stern, a full-length figurehead, and three decks. Her principal owner was Robert Kermit of New York City. In 1879 the vessel was sold to foreign owners. It is said that the ship received her name in appreciation for the generosity of marine insurance companies in settling claims from some previous packet wrecks.
(from "Ships, Saints, & Mariners -- A Maritime Encyclopedia of Mormon Migration 1830-1890" by Conway B. Sonne, University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City, 1987.)